Dr. Bruce Kirchoff

Emeritus Professor of Biology, UNC Greensboro

All publications, by date, with links

60 Romanov, A., K. Ly, and B. K. Kirchoff. 2021. Use of Polyethylene Glycol as an Embedding Medium Produces Results Similar to those of Paraffin Wax Embedding. Edinburgh Journal of Botany 78: DOI: https://doi.org/10.24823/EJB.2021.382

59 Kirchoff, B. K, H-F Liu, and J-P Liao. 2020. Inflorescence and Flower Development in Orchidantha chinensis T. L. Wu (Lowiaceae; Zingiberales): Similarities to Inflorescence Structure in the Strelitziaceae. International Journal of the Plant Sciences 181: 716-73 & Dryad Digital Repository DOI: 10.5061/dryad.jdfn2z37t

58 Schwartzman, R., B. K. Kirchoff, and K. M. Cuny. 2019 Roles of Communication Centers in Communicating Science: A Multi-Disciplinary Forum. Communication Center Journal 5: 81-101 (http://libjournal.uncg.edu/ccj/article/view/1951)

57 Cao, L, M. F. Newman, B. K. Kirchoff, and L. P. Ronse de Craene. 2018. Developmental evidence helps resolve the evolutionary origins of anther appendages in Globba (Zingiberaceae). Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 189: 63-82. DOI: 10.1093/botlinnean/boy071

56 Kirchoff, B. K. and R. Bruenn 2018. How do banana flowers develop? Frontiers for Young Minds 6 (60) DOI: 10.3389/frym.2018.00060

55 Kirchoff, B. K. 2017. Inflorescence and flower development in Musa velutina H. Wendl. & Drude (Musaceae), with a consideration of developmental variability, restricted phyllotactic direction, and hand initiation. International Journal of the Plant Sciences 178: 259–272. DOI: 10.1086/691143. Dryad Digital Repository DOI:10.5061/dryad.5j8p8  

54 Kirchoff, B. K. 2016. An Experimental Test of a Biodynamic Method of Weed Suppression: The Biodynamic Seed Peppers. Organic Farming 2 (1): 17-20 http://www.librelloph.com/organicfarming/article/view/of-2.1.17

53 Kirchoff, B. K. 2016. Algae, Fungi, & Higher Plant Life Cycles. PlantEd Digital Library http://planted.botany.org/index.php?P=FullRecord&ID=578

52 Kirchoff, B. K., P. Delaney, M. Horton and R. Dellinger-Johnston. 2014. Optimizing Learning of Scientific Category Knowledge in the Classroom: The Case of Plant Identification. CBE Life Sciences Education 13: 425-436 (DOI: 10.1187/cbe.13-11-0224)

51 Burrows, G., G. L. Krebs and B. K. Kirchoff. 2014. ‘Visual Learning – Agricultural Plants of the Riverina’ – a new application for helping veterinary students recognize poisonous plants. Bioscience Education DOI: 10.11120/beej.2014.00028

50 Kirchoff, B.K. and R. Claßen-Bockhoff. 2013. Inflorescences: Concepts, function, development and evolution. Annals of Botany 112: 1471-1476

49 Huang, S-S, Kirchoff, B.K., and J-P Liao. 2013. Effect of heat shock on ultrastructure and calcium distribution in Lavandula pinnata L. glandular trichomes. Protoplasma 250: 185-196

48 Specht, C. D., Y. Roxana, A. M. Almeida, B. K. Kirchoff, W. J. Kress. 2012. Homoplasy, pollination, and emerging complexity during the evolution of floral development in the tropical gingers (Zingiberales). Botanical Review 78: 440–462

47 Kirchoff, B. K., M. Nobis, and D. Remington. 2012. Secondary Woodiness and Paedomorphosis. In F. H. Schweingruber, A. Börner, and E-D Schulze, Atlas of Stem Anatomy in Herbs, Shrubs and Trees, Vol. 2. pp. 383-385. Springer, Hidelberg.

46 Kitin P, B. K. Kirchoff, B. Hardy, S. Du, and H. Beeckman. 2012. Wood Anatomy and Visual Identification Key for Central African Woods. Royal Museum for Central Africa, Tervuren, Belgium 

45 Kuang, Y-F, Kirchoff, B. K. and J-P Liao.2012. Presence of the protruding oncus is affected by developmental stage and acetolysis technique. Grana 51: 253-262

44 Kirchoff, B.K. 2011. Atlas of Stem Anatomy in Herbs, Shrubs and Trees (Review). Plant Science Bulletin 57: 114-118 (This is a peer-reviewed book review.)

43 Kirchoff, B.K., Leggett, R., Her, V., Moua, C., Morrison, J., and Poole, C. 2011. Principals of visual key construction, with a visual key to the Fagaceae of the southeastern United States. AoB Plants 2011 doi: 10.1093/aobpla/plr005

42 Leggett, R, and B. K. Kirchoff. 2011. Image use in field guides and identification keys: Review and recommendations. AoB Plants 2011 doi: 10.1093/aobpla/plr004

41 Dulin, M. W. and B. K. Kirchoff. 2010. Paedomorphosis, Secondary Woodiness, and Insular Woodiness in Plants. Botanical Review 76: 405-490

40 Huang, S-S., J-P Liao, and B. K. Kirchoff. 2010. Calcium distribution and function in the glandular trichomes of Lavandula pinnata L. Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society 137:1-15

39 Wang, H.-F., Kirchoff, B. K., Qin, H.-N., Zhu, Z.-X. 2009. Reproductive morphology of Sargentodoxa cuneata (Lardizabalaceae) and its systematic implications. Plant Systematics and Evolution 280: 207–217

38 Kirchoff, B. K., L.P. Lagomarsino, W. H. Newman, M. E. Bartlett and C. D. Specht. 2009. Early floral development of Heliconia latispatha Benth., a key taxon for understanding the evolution of flower development in the Zingiberales. American Journal of Botany 96: 580-593

37 Kirchoff, B. K., E. Pfeifer, and R. Rutishauser. 2008. Plant Structure Ontology: How should we label plant structures with doubtful or mixed identities? Zootaxa 1950: 103–122

36 Kuang, Yan-Feng, and B. K. Kirchoff, Yuan-Jiang Tang, Yuan-Hui Liang, and Jing-Ping Liao. 2008. Palynological characters and their systematic significance in Naucleeae (Cinchonoideae, Rubiaceae). Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 151: 123-135.

35 Kirchoff, B. K., D. L. Remington, Lixin Fu, F. Sadri. 2008. A New Type of Image-Based Key. Proceedings of the International Conference on BioMedical Engineering and Informatics, 2008. BMEI2008. 1: 825-829. DOI 10.1109/BMEI.2008.301

34 Chen, S. H., J. P. Liao, M. Z. Luo, and B. K. Kirchoff. 2008. Calcium distribution and function during anther development of Torenia fournieri L. Annales Botanici Fennici 45: 195–203

33 Huang, Shan-Shan, B. K. Kirchoff and Jing-Ping Liao. 2008. The Capitate and Peltate Glandular Trichomes of Lavandula pinnata L. (Lamiaceae): Histochemistry, Ultrastructure and Secretion. Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society 135: 155–167

32 Baskauf, S. J. and B. K. Kirchoff. 2008. Digital plant images as specimens: Toward standards for photographing living plants. Vulpia 7: 16-30

31 Xu, Feng-Xia, and B. K. Kirchoff. 2008. Pollen morphology and ultrastructure of selected species of Magnoliaceae. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 150: 140-153

30 Kirchoff, B. K. 2008. Woody Plants of the Southeastern United States : A Field Course on CD. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis , MO (ISBN: 978-1-930723-62-7)

29 Bartlett, M. E., B. K. Kirchoff and C. D. Specht. 2008. Epi- illumination microscopy coupled to in situ hybridization and its utility in the study of evolution and development in non-model species. Development Genes and Evolution 218: 273-279

28 Liu, H., Kirchoff, B. K., Wu, G., Liao, J. 2007. Microsporogenesis and male gametogenesis in Jatropha curcas L. (Euphorbiaceae). Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society 134: 335-343

27 Kirchoff, B. K. 2007. Image Quiz: Using principles of cognitive psychology to teach visual expertise. 2007 UNC Teaching and Learning with Technology Conference Proceedings. I. The Advantage of Building Connections.

26 Kirchoff, B. K., S. J. Richter, and D. L. Remington. 2007. Characters as Groups: A New Approach to Morphological Characters in Phylogenetic Analysis. Taxon 56: 479-492

25 Kirchoff, B. K., S. J. Richter, D. L. Remington, and E. Wisniewski. 2004. Complex Data Produce Better Characters. Systematic Biology 53: 1-17

24 Kirchoff, B. K. 2003. Shape matters: Hofmeister’s rule, primordium shape and flower orientation. International Journal of the Plant Sciences 164:505–517.

23 Kirchoff, B. K. 2002. Aspects of a Goethean Science: Complexity and Holism in Science and Art. In Rowland, H., ed., Goethe, Chaos, and Complexity. Amsterdam : Editions Rodopi, pp. 79-89, 189-194

22 Kirchoff, B. K. 2001. Character description in phylogenetic analysis: insights from Agnes Arber’s concept of the plant. Annals of Botany 88: 1203-1214

21 Kirchoff, B. K. 2000. Hofmeister’s rule and primordium shape: constraints on organ position in Hedychium coronarium (Zingiberaceae). In K. L. Wilson and D. A. Morrison (eds.), Monocots: Systematics and Evolution. pp. 75-83. CSIRO Publishing. Collingwood , Australia .

20 Kirchoff, B. K. 1999. Consciousness, community, and the brain: Toward an ontology of being. In J. S. Jordan (ed.), Modeling consciousness across the disciplines. pp. 243-268. Lanham , NY : University Press of America .

19 Kirchoff, B. K. 1998. Inflorescence and flower development in the Hedychieae (Zingiberaceae): Scaphochlamys kunstleri (Baker) Holttum. International Journal of the Plant Sciences 159: 261-274.

18 Kirchoff, B. K. 1997. Inflorescence and flower development in the Hedychieae (Zingiberaceae): Hedychium. Canadian Journal of Botany 75: 581-594.

17 Kirchoff, B. K. and H. Kunze. 1995. Floral development in Orchidantha maxillarioides (Lowiaceae). International Journal of the Plant Sciences 156: 159-171.

16 Kirchoff, B. K. 1995. A holistic aesthetic for science. Journal of Scientific Exploration. 9: 565-578.

15 Kirchoff, B. K. 1992. Ovary structure and anatomy in the Heliconiaceae and Musaceae (Zingiberales). Canadian Journal of Botany 70: 2490-2508.

14 Newman, S. W. and B. K. Kirchoff. 1992. Ovary structure in the Costaceae (Zingiberales). International Journal of the Plant Sciences 153: 471-487.

13 Kirchoff, B. K. 1991. Homeosis in the flowers of the Zingiberales. American Journal of Botany 78: 833-837.

12 Triplett, J. K. and B. K. Kirchoff. 1991. Lamina architecture and anatomy in the Heliconiaceae and Musaceae (Zingiberales). Canadian Journal of Botany 69: 887-900.

11 Kirchoff, B. K. and R. Rutishauser. 1990. The phyllotaxy of Costus (Costaceae). Botanical Gazette 151: 88-105.

10 Kirchoff, B. K. 1988. Floral ontogeny and evolution in the ginger group of the Zingiberales. In P. Leins, S. C. Tucker and P. K. Endress eds., Aspects of Floral Development. pp. 45-56.

09 Kirchoff, B. K. 1988. Inflorescence and flower development in Costus scaber (Costaceae). Canadian Journal of Botany 62: 339-345.

08 Hendrix, R. C., R. E. Litz and B. K. Kirchoff. 1987. In vitro organogenesis and plant regeneration from leaves of Solanum candidum Lindl., S. quitoense Lam. (Naranjilla) and S. sessiliflorum Dunal. Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture 11: 67- 73.

07 Kirchoff, B. K. 1986. Inflorescence structure and development in the Zingiberales: Thalia geniculata (Marantaceae). Canadian Journal of Botany 64: 859-864.

06 Kirchoff, B. K. and H. Kennedy. 1985. Foliar, non-structural nectaries in the Marantaceae. Canadian Journal of Botany 63: 1785-1788.

05 Kirchoff, B. K. 1984. On the relationship between phyllotaxy and vasculature. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 89: 37-51.

04 Kirchoff, B. K. and A. Fahn. 1984. Initiation and structure of the secondary vascular system in Phytolacca dioica L. (Phytolaccaceae). Canadian Journal of Botany 62: 2580-2586.

03 Kirchoff, B. K. and A. Fahn. 1984. The primary vascular system and medullary bundle structure of Phytolacca dioica L. (Phytolaccaceae). Canadian Journal of Botany 62: 2432-2440.

02 Kirchoff, B. K. 1983. Allometric growth of the flowers of five genera of the Marantaceae and of Canna (Cannaceae). Botanical Gazette 144: 110-118.

01 Kirchoff, B. K. 1983. Floral organogenesis in five genera of the Marantaceae and in Canna (Cannaceae). American Journal of Botany 70: 508-523.